News 01.18.20

Martin Luther King Jr. Gave This Wrongfully Convicted Person Hope Through Decades of Incarceration

By Daniele Selby

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivering his timeless "I Have a Dream" address at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1964. Photo by 2003 AFP.

Gerry Thomas spent nearly 30 years in prison for a crime he did not commit. And while Thomas, who was exonerated in Detroit on January 13, says that he has always tried to keep his heart open and hold love in his heart for everyone, at times he struggled to stay hopeful.

Gerry Thomas moments after his exoneration and release from 29 years in prison. [Suzy Salamy/Innocence Project]

During those moments, Thomas, an Innocence Project and Western Michigan University Thomas M. Cooley Law School client, turned to what he called his “strength box” — a cassette tape player.

Thomas would listen to old tapes of Aretha Franklin and gospel singers like Shirley Caesar and Mahalia Jackson.

“That gave me inspiration and power to move forward. I could walk eight miles after listening to them,” he said, recalling his long walks around the prison track.

But in 2017, Thomas was able to expand his “strength box” when the prison began allowing tablets made by a company called JPay for incarcerated people to use while in prison. And a new world opened up.

Thomas wanted to add new sounds to his “strength box” and searched for recordings of a figure who had long inspired him: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

“I grew up through those days with Martin Luther King, Jr.,” he said. 

Thomas was just a child when Dr. King gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech, and only 11 when the iconic civil rights leader was assassinated. But long after King’s assassination, Thomas continued to find strength and truth in his words.

“The stuff he talked about is happening still today even though that person is long gone,” he said.

Thomas said he frequently listened to recordings of King before bed, even letting himself fall asleep to the sound of his voice.

“What that did was it gave me strength and hope that I was going to make it out of that situation. His messages were strength for me because I’d seen what he had struggled through,” he said, referring to King’s own experience with being unjustly incarcerated.

Dr. King’s mugshot from the Birmingham, Alabama police station in 1963. Photo from the Birmingham  Police Department.

In 1991, Thomas was wrongfully convicted of the assault and attempted murder of a Detroit woman, who had been attacked in her car by a stranger with a knife in 1987. At knifepoint, her attacker ordered her to drive, forced her to perform oral sex, and ultimately absconded with her car.

Three weeks later, police pulled over her stolen vehicle and arrested the driver and passenger, who told police officers that they had gotten the car from the driver’s brother. The police released both the driver and passenger after the victim did not identify either as her attacker. And, despite finding the car’s registration paperwork in the home that the driver shared with his brother, they did not further investigate the brother as a suspect. 

About two years after the attack, the victim believed she had seen her attacker and contacted the police. They later found Thomas eating lunch at a nearby Burger King, where the victim identified him as her attacker. No other witnesses or physical evidence connected Thomas to the crime. The police did not reinvestigate the case, but still arrested and charged Thomas with the attack nine months later.

Related: How Gerry Thomas Spent His Last Night in Prison, And What He Plans to Do Now

At the request of the Innocence Project, the Conviction Integrity Unit (CIU) of the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office began a reinvestigation into Thomas’ case in 2017 and presented its findings to the district attorney last September, leading to Thomas’ recent exoneration.

About 6% of incarcerated people in the U.S. are estimated to be wrongly convicted, according to a 2018 study. Mistaken eyewitness identifications are a major factor in wrongful convictions. Of the more than 367 wrongful convictions in the country overturned by post-conviction DNA evidence, approximately 69% have involved mistaken eyewitness identification.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day marks exactly one week since Thomas’ exoneration. And while people across the U.S. will commemorate King’s many achievements in advancing the civil rights movement, the day holds additional significance for Thomas.

The 62-year-old is savoring every day of freedom so far and is spending the long weekend with family members he has been separated from for decades.

Leave a reply

  1. Katherine Schubart says:

    Is there any program for those who wrongfully identified someone as a criminal to apologize for their mistake? Some sort of reconciliation seems likely to benefit both parties. In this case, the woman who misidentified Gerry Thomas must have been carrying a burden at least since 2017 when it became apparent that she had ‘borne false witness.’ She might have had misplaced confidence in the criminal justice system, but in any case she might wish to apologize to Thomas.

  2. Melissa Koerner says:

    Praise God!

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