Alabama

Eyewitness Identification Reform

Alabama has no statewide eyewitness identification reform policy.

Recording of Interrogations

Alabama has no state law requiring recorded interrogations.

Post Conviction DNA Testing

Any person imprisoned for a capital offense may apply for post-conviction DNA testing, provided that no DNA testing was performed at the time of trial. Individuals have one year to file a petition from the date of their conviction. Effective: 2009.

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Evidence Preservation

Upon receipt of a motion for DNA testing or notice of a motion for DNA testing related to a capital offense, the state will take any steps reasonably necessary to preserve any remaining biological material possessed by the state or court. This evidence must be preserved pending the completion of proceedings for DNA testing. Effective: 2009.

Alabama's statute does NOT meet the best practices standards outlined by the NIST Technical Working Group on Biological Evidence Preservation.

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Exoneree Compensation

In order to be eligible to receive compensation for wrongful incarceration a person must: (1) Have been convicted by the state of one or more felony offenses, all of which the person was innocent, and have served time in prison as a result of the conviction or convictions; or (2) have been incarcerated pretrial on a state felony charge, for at least two years through no fault of his or her own, before having charges dismissed based on innocence. Minimum of $50,000 for each year of incarceration, Committee on Compensation for Wrongful Incarceration can recommend discretionary amount in addition to base, but legislature must appropriate any funds. Effective: 2001.

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